Spiders: Common Species Found in SE-Queensland

From the kitchen you hear, “Aaaaggghhhh!” You run to investigate, thinking that one of your family members is facing a zombie apocalypse, only to find your family member frozen on the spot staring, speaking in jibberish, and pointing to a spider!

Spiders get a bad wrap as some people are absolutely traumatised by them, and many others are apprehensive and fearful of them. South-East Queensland has its fair share of venomous spiders, but there are also far more species which are completely harmless.

In warmer weather, and particularly in the warm humid conditions in South-East Queensland, pests in general, and certainly spiders, are more plentiful.

Different species demonstrate different behaviours and can be found in different habitats around your home. Some spin webs, some don’t. Some you might find up high in the corner of a room, others running across the wall or floor, while others in the middle of a sticky web in the garden.

Common Spider Species Found in South-East Queensland

There are many spider species and variants found in South-East Queensland but the four listed here are common:

Huntsman

Huntsman Spider | Image courtesy of Find-a-Spider Guide

Huntsman spiders are quite large, females can grow up to approximately 4.5cm. They can be found under loose bark and very often venture into houses. They range in colour from brown to grey and even black and are very hairy with thick legs. Their bite can cause illness but they are not deadly.

Daddy Long Legs

Daddy Long Legs Spider | Image courtesy of Australian Geographic

Daddy Long Legs spin thin tangled webs which can be found in upper corners of rooms. Their distinguishing feature is their very long legs. One of their characteristics is that when the web is disturbed, the female shakes violently. They produce a venom which was once believed to be the most venomous of all spiders but this has been proven as a myth. They do produce a venom but it is not as venomous as once believed, and produced in such small quantities as to not be harmful to humans.

Golden Orb

Golden Orb Spider | Image courtesy of Find-a-Spider Guide

Golden Orb spiders spin big yellow very strong sticky webs between trees or poles in the garden, which they use to capture insects. You will definitely know it when you walk into their webs! They are not aggressive, nor harmful to humans.

Redback

Redback Spider | Image courtesy of Bio-Medical Sciences Lab at Uni of Melbourne

Redback spiders build tangled webs under ledges and garden shrubs fairly low to the ground. They like shady spots in warm weather conditions. They are not generally found inside the house. They are fairly small, black, and the females have the famous red mark on their bodies. The venom of the female can cause death or severe illness and the bite causes severe pain. Never try and get rid of these spiders by yourself, always contact a professional pest control technician.

What to Do if You Have a Spider Infestation

If you find a few spiders of the same species around your home within a short space of time, you might have an infestation. Spiders produce offspring at an alarming rate, so you should have your home checked by a qualified pest control technician.

DIY spray insecticides from the supermarket will kill the spider, but they won’t get rid of an infestation. Depending on the species, a professional pest control technician will use a combination of sprays, baits, and dust to evict these pests from your house for good.

Sources:
Redback - http://www.findaspider.org.au/find/spiders/302.htm
Redback Image -https://biomedicalsciences.unimelb.edu.au/departments/pharmacology/engage/avru/discover/spiders/redback-spiderslatrodectus-hasselti
Daddy Long Legs - https://www.abrittonsguidetothegoldcoast.com/spidersonthegoldcoast.htm
Daddy Long Legs Image - https://www.australiangeographic.com.au/blogs/creatura-blog/2018/10/the-daddy-longlegs-myth-that-we-keep-falling-for/
Huntsman - http://www.findaspider.org.au/find/spiders/402.htm
Golden Orb - http://www.findaspider.org.au/find/spiders/116.htm

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